No country has a wider range of spices in its cuisine than India. These spices give Indian food its characteristically complex and delicious fragrance and flavor.
Traditional Indian food has long been prized for its fabulous use of herbs and spices. Indian food is known for its great variety of dishes. The cooking style varies from region to region and is mainly divided into South Indian and North Indian cuisine. India is quite famous for its varied multi cuisine available in a large number of restaurants and hotel complexes, which is reminiscent of unity in diversity. The staple food in India includes wheat, rice, and legumes, the chana (Bengal gram) being one of the most important. In modern times, the Indian palette has undergone many changes. In recent years, as a result of globalization, many Indians have traveled to different parts of the world and vice versa there has been a massive influx of people of different nationalities in India. This has led to the Indianization of several international cuisines. Nowadays, in large metropolitan cities you can find specialized food places of international cuisines.
Traditional Indian food is built from the same flavor foundations. However, dishes vary widely between North Indian and South Indian cuisine. If you’re familiar with Indian restaurants in the U.S., you’ll likely know these popular (and tasty!) Indian dishes:
In India, spice it is the best ; the hotter the spice, the better. Indian food in America, however, although spice is used, is used to a much lesser degree in both quantity and spiciness.
Favorite Indian spices include turmeric, cardamom, cayenne pepper, cloves, saffron, nutmeg, mace, fenugreek seeds, black mustard seeds, cumin, coriander, and cinnamon. Fresh spices like garlic and ginger are also frequently used to increase the heat factor in many Indian dishes.
As in the United States, the cuisine and the type of spices used vary considerably according to the state of India. Most of the American Indian food is inspired by the state of Punjab, in the north of India; Popular Punjabi cuisine includes palak paneer (spinach and cottage cheese in a curry sauce), butter chicken, naan (Indian flatbread), chicken tikka masala (chicken pieces in spicy curry) and samosas (deep-fried stuffed patties that serve as apps). But you won’t find these dishes as spicy as you would in North India.